west coast offense passing concepts

86/87: Scat protection strong-side with both backs free releasing. Ohio is a features two receiver route combo that has outside receiver running a go route, while the inside receiver runs an out route. In slide protection, you call a side to set the protection to (left/right, strong-side/weak-side, whatever). Your backs and TEs protect the OLBs. The Drive concept has an outside receiver running a shallow cross, while the inside receiver next to him runs a a dig route. If the number called is odd, it means the TE is to the left. When you run pocket protection, the uncovered lineman to each side double-reads ILB to OLB to that side. The Flood concept does this by having three receiver running pass routes towards the same of the field. The first number also sets the default rules for all numbers in that series. YT. Teams That Have a Variety of Pass Catchers - The West Coast Offense is famous for involving tight ends, fullbacks and halfbacks, in addition to at least two wide receivers. They're short and timing based to get the ball out of the quarterback's hands and give a high completion percentage. This concept is effective against Cover 2 zone coverage, as well as Cover 3 and Cover 4 coverages. Understanding the West Coast offense is more complex than simply knowing that it emphasizes the short passing game. If the safety does not bite on the dig route, then quarterback would look to throw to that receiver underneath. west coast offense orientation & terminology start from scratch when learning it. 1. Throughout this article, well cover the origin of the system, positional roles, different variations of the West Coast offense and much more so stick around! Runs to an offset back at a depth of 4-5 yards coming across the formation/behind the QB (so like a fullback in an offset-I, or a halfback next to the fullback). trailer << /Size 291 /Info 271 0 R /Root 281 0 R /Prev 675259 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 281 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 273 0 R /Outlines 266 0 R /OpenAction [ 282 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone >> endobj 289 0 obj << /S 918 /O 996 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 290 0 R >> stream These are great for setting up boot passes to get the defense going one way, so the QB has room to run the other way. This was effective as defenses could keep offenses guessing by blitzing linebackers, safeties, or cornerbacks from any part of the field. This site is owned and operated by Coaching Kidz. The second and more common passing concept is the five-step drop back. This system looks to control the game through the air and sets receivers up to make plays after the catch. . If the defender does not blitz, they release into a route to receive a pass. There will be two wide receivers on the line of scrimmage on either side of the field. The weak-side back has OLB, and the strong-side back has ILB/extra/garbage. First digit indicates whos carrying the ball, and the second number is the hole, or point of attack the ball carrier takes it to. The Dagger is a two receiver route combo that has the outside receiver running a dig route, while the inside receiver next to him runs a streak down the seam. Snagis a great passing concept that is used at all levels. West Coast offenses love to use concepts like Lion and Dragon to get the ball into the hands of the receiver while they're on the move. West Coast Offense Playbooks - FootballXOs.com - Free Football Playbooks Invented by Bill Walsh, the philosophy of the West Coast Offense is to emphasize a short, well-timed passing game to take advantage of defensive weakness. The Ultimate Guide, What Is a Touchback in Football? Some team's may refer to it as the triangle. His very popular version of the offense averaged scoring a touchdown every ten plays and once scored 98 points in a single game. 50/51, 52/53: Backs split-flow using Rip/Liz rules (back closer to the right Rips, back closer to the left Lizs. Since the West Coast is the most prevalent offense in the NFL, it's not an exaggeration to call the slant the most important play in professional football. How the POP play streamlines the pro-style approach. Triangle - Defense. Its so popular that every offense and defense knows it to a point where offenses will just call it what it is, because it cant really take defenses by surprise anymore. The following are three of the most basic plays to pair with a three-step drop back: The offense builds upon these three basic plays by adding layers of disguise through players in motion, quarterback rollouts, and play-action plays. 280 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 282 /H [ 712 738 ] /L 680989 /E 4908 /N 67 /T 675270 >> endobj xref 280 11 0000000016 00000 n After logging in you can close it and return to this page. This is similar to the idea of "concepts" in the West Coast Offense, except the West Coast terminology sometimes names plays after the primary receiver's route, like "Y Spot". The second way to stop the West Coast offense is for cornerbacks, or those guarding the receivers, to try and jump the route to intercept the ball. A common Flood concept would be to have one receiver run a flat, second receiver runs a deep out, and the third runs a go route such as shown in the diagram above. The Slant is a short timing route that has the receiver breaking towards the middle of the field for a quick pass from the quarterback. Basic split-flow rules as described above. Football's West Coast Offense. link to 17+ Basketball Games for Kids The Ultimate List, link to What Is a Secondary in Football? When the running game becomes effective it causes the defense to set up to stop the run and potentially overcommit. Due to its quick horizontal passes, the defense cant crowd the line of scrimmage, leading to linebackers playing in coverage against the quicker wide receivers. Scheme: The use of 10 . 1. Before the West Coast Offense and other pass-first systems, the forward pass was used as a compliment to the running game. In your diagram, you show 3 Jet as being the play call to the left, but the tight end is to the right! For clips of this version of the concept try here and here. Triangle - Kick Game. Let the quarterback see and read the defense by utilizing his three or five step drop. Strong flow is the opposite of weak flow (another two-back pocket-style protection). BYU Passing Game - Lavell Edwards.doc . They then would blitz the quarterback using a zone blitz in an attempt to disrupt their timing. Against zone coverage, look for the tight end to be open as he crossing the field, especially if another receiver is running pass route underneath or over the top of him. This article does NOT cover all the pass pro terminology in this playbook, but it covers all the basics. On 300, the slide goes away from the call. Hot: When a back or tight-end is assigned a hot responsibility, it means if their assigned defender blitzes, they bypass them and look for a quick pass from the QB. The two pass routes are designed create a two-on-one isolation on a defender dropping back in a hook zone. The goal of this website is to provide you with content that will help you get a leg up on the competition, whether thats in the realm of coaching or on the field itself. Post Corner High-Low Isolation Vs Cover 2 Zone Coverage, Gun Trips Left Hb Strong S Motion Z Post. A few years ago, there was a lot of speculation about what Jon Gruden's offense would look like in his return to the NFL. we call plays in the following series: a) teens: all runs. Weak flow is another pocket protection series normally ran from two-back sets. A Complete Overview. In both protections, the default rule for all running-backs and tight-ends is to execute an assignment called check-release, which means they are assigned to a defender (or two), and if that defender blitzes (blitz is called dog in the playbook), they block them. The West Coast offenses also use a lot of play-action plays. Watch for defenders dropping back in buzz zones as they do a good job at defending corner routes. Slide Protection: This one can get a little complicated, so take your time. If you can distribute the ball in the passing game to all eligible receivers, the defense cannot focus solely on a couple core receivers, giving you more one-on-one situations. The Divide is a passing route that that has a receiver running towards the middle of the field. And When to Call Them, What Is a Tight End in Football? Hb```f``:&23 ?s4 9L*. Backs protect inside-out, meaning they block an inside rush threat first, then work outside if there is no inside threat. This typically involves getting a linebacker in coverage on a running back, wide receiver, or tight end. If the ILB blitzes, they sneak a peak at the outside linebacker (OLB) to their side. Unlike the west coast offense which has landmarks of exactly, to the inch, where a receiver should end their route- the Air Raid lives on spontaneity and adjusting based on space. GitHub export from English Wikipedia. Remember, this book does not use 300 like modern WCO terminology uses it. My name is Steven and I love everything sports! A Guide to How They Work, What Are Audibles in Football? One of the most important elements in this system is the quarterback dropback. Bill Walsh is quoted as saying, This type of pass is designed specifically to develop and take advantage of a defensive conflict. Rip/Liz to the strong-side only. The quarterback is looking to see what the defense gives him and looks to take advantage of it. Additionally, Roger Craig, Dwight Clark, and Tom Rathman were among many Pro-Bowl caliber players on offense during this era. Scat protection strong-side with both backs free releasing. The West Coast roots come from an under-center, quick, methodical passing game. The concept is good versus both man coverage and zone coverage. 0000001428 00000 n The guard or uncovered lineman to the weak-side must now scat protect to that side, meaning they double read the ILB to OLB on the weak-side. Backs free release and both TEs block the OLB/OLB-area to their side. 29. by Mike Tanier. One receiver runs a shorter dig, while other receiver runs a deeper dig. The TE is not blocking at all, and both backs go weak, so there are only lineman blocking to the strong-side, requiring the scat protection. 9,884 posts . The former Minnesota Vikings offensive coordinator was given the 21st-ranked offense in 2019, according to EPA per play, and improved the unit all the way to 10th. Coach is this going to be added to the Coach Tube Courses. With that said, Im happy to have you on the site and hope I can help you out in achieving your goals! The most basic formation is to have a quarterback in the backfield with a running back and full back split to either side of him. On all play actions, if the faking back sees their primary blocking assignment blitz, they come off the fake immediately to make the block. CoachingKidz.comis a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking toAmazon.com. Another route is used to compliment the Divide pass route is a receiver on the outside running a go or streak route. Subscribe to our newsletter to keep up with the latest trends! This site requires JavaScript to run correctly. But, two statements do help explain what it is all about. In the 1970's, Darrel "Mouse" Davis began having tremendous success with the offense at Portland . The offense splits the outside wide receivers in "plus splits", which means outside the numbers. Once gains separation or leverage he is will be open. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This concept is effective against Cover 2 zone coverage, as well as Cover 3 and Cover 4 coverages. The idea is to anticipate a defensive blitz, get the quick fake to hesitate LBs and the secondary, then quickly get the ball out to the TE or 2nd back. The West Coast Offense is an innovative horizontal passing offense based on timing and route running. Even with countless formations, the West Coast offense will have several consistent elements: NFL offenses have taken these elements to create their own unique variation of the West Coast system. The Spot passing concept is design to attack zone coverage. Ideally he quarterback will look to throw the receiver running the shallow cross. Scat means a back free releases (meaning they run a route right off the snap, and have no blocking responsibility. If youre a fan of the NFL, youve probably heard the term West Coast Offense. You have also probably seen or heard NFL content where a coach or player says an incredibly long play-name that sounds like a language only C-3PO could translate. The idea behind this passing concept is to create either 3 on 2 or 4 on 3 against zone coverage, allowing for one of the receivers to be open deep down the field. Heres a little bonus. It has one receiver running a shallow crossing route from one direction, while another receiver runs a dig route from the opposite direction. 30s: Trap and toss plays from an offset back at 4-5 yards. He so firmly believed in this, every play was created with a predetermined number of steps for the quarterbacks drop back. 100: Any play with a 1 in front of it (making it a triple digit play starting with 100) means the QB takes a 3-step drop. For quarterbacks, these backs and tight-ends often serve check-down roles, meaning if the primary receivers in the progression arent open, the QB finds these players for an easy release valve rather than holding onto the ball and risking a sack. The route involves a MOFO or MOFC read by the quarterback. Regular five-on-five basketball is a fun game on its own, but its always nice to have some variety in the types of games that can be played, especially with kids. These horizontal routes make it difficult to play man coverage and get defenders chasing. I created this website to share my passion with all of you. Low-inside, high-outside. AKA Fox 2/Fox 3 if you want to sound cool, is the same as H2/H3, but now the fullback or other back is faking and taking the A-gap, while the halfback/tailback goes B-gap. I will write another article that does a deep dive into slide protection, because its arguably the most popular and favored pass protection in football today. Walsh took this offensive system and perfected it during his years with San Francisco. The TE free releases by default, because now both backs are coming to their side. Bill Walsh helped changed the offensive playing field with his West Coast offensive system. They release if the ILB does not blitz. Using a numbering system and relying on mostly pocket and slide (half-slide) protections, Bill Walsh and his coaching staffs compiled a system that would allow them to flood the field with receivers from all sorts of different angles and personnel groupings, while also giving them multiple ways to protect the QB from the wide range of defensive schemes and blitzes. In your summary, you say that an odd number means that the TE is on the left! If both blitz, they block the inside defender. The West Coast Offense provided a blue-print for the modern offensive game in the NFL, primary with its flexibility of various pass protections. H stands for halfback (so think your primary running-back. The final passing concept is the play-action pass. Watch for defenders dropping back in buzz zones as they do a good job at defending corner routes. Slide protection away from the call with a cross-action/misdirection backfield or run fake. Oct 15, 2020. In this playbook, there are two primary types of protection. In order to fully grasp such an intricate philosophy, one must be able to appreciate how a play-caller schemes his receivers into space. Usually, they work inside-out, blocking the inner-most defender first. Cook, who was drafted as a big-armed, vertical passer, no longer had the arm strength to throw the ball deep. This is to get the defense to bite, or jump forward, leaving space open behind them for receivers to run. Coach Vigen explained what concepts fans should look for that are tell-tale elements of . Typically, there will be two backs in the backfield split to either side of the quarterback. 228/229: Slide protection to the weak-side (away from TE). Requires a TE on each side. The inside receiver, runs a wheel route down the sideline. Watching their highlights from with the 49ers almost certainly means you are watching the WCO. The original Air Raid was basically taking the West Coast passing game, simplifying it to a purely conceptual level, and then making every formational and personnel decision around maximizing those passing concepts. One of the big differences is the removal of the fullback in the Spread system. Coach Bill Walsh is credited with inventing this system as a Quarterbacks Coach for the Cincinnati Bengals. If a run is called with pass tagged onto it, like 16 power pass, or 19 BOB pass, the offense executes the running play, but blockers do not go downfield so that a pass can be thrown. The West Coast offense is a fast-paced system that relies on short and quick throws to sure-handed receivers who run precise horizontal routes. Due to this, when they see any type of potential run play, the defense may overact, letting the offense take them off guard. Rip(Right)/Liz(Left): The back on the side called check releases on the inside linebacker to that side. Knowledge is power. . Weak back free releases. Fire 2/Fire 3: I got this term from this page, which alters the terminology slightly (so ignore this sheet for this article, except for fire 2/fire 3). These plays are designed to get the ball thrown before the defense has time to respond; there are a few different variations within the five steps to further confuse the defense. For those that dont know MOFO simply means "middle of the field open," or no deep middle safety. A West Coast staple passing concept is called Texas. Rather than using tanks and planes (the passing game) to support the infantry, attack head-first with your planes first, tanks second, then let the infantry bat clean-up. Bill Walsh, who was the offensive coordinator at the time, had to step back and completely redesign the teams offense. Walsh ended up winning three Super Bowls utilizing the West Coast offense and was named the NFL Coach of the Year in 1981 and the NFC Coach of the Year in 1984. Concepts Efficient language. If that defender does not blitz (no dog), they then look to block the outside defender. In this playbook, there are two primary types of protection. I think it's basically a West Coast offense, but instead of using the short passing game as the primary focus to move the ball (Traditional West Coast), the power north/south running game is the primary focus while maintaining West Coast passing concepts when needed. The West Coast Offense would then equate to the tactic of blitzkrieg developed by the Germans in WWII. A look at common quick pass routes, passing concepts, and route combos. A Complete Overview, What Is a Pick 6 in Football? It can be ran from three, two, or one-back formations. The call in the huddle could be "Jet Dart 368 Y-Flat Train on one." If the cornerback (flat defender) sits on the receiver running the low read, then the receiver running the high read will be open. There are always 22 football players on the field at once and they all have their own specialized roles. Cornerbacks can take advantage of this by playing underneath the receiver or looking to jump the passing lanes to beat the receiver to where the ball is being thrown. Therefore that back attacks A-gap, and the second back attacks B-gap. The West Coast Offense is a passing ball control offense. Below are some more features of the system: Finally, if you have more questions about the West Coast Offense, let us know below! 0/1: Off the centers left/right butt-cheek. 1-3 of 3 replies Sorted by. The Passing Game II: Slants and Flats. The offense relies on a smart, accurate, and mobile quarterback running the offense under center. Since the 1980s, football teams have used the West Coast Offense to win championships. Slide protection to the weak-side (away from TE). Who Should Not Use the West Coast Offense? By them switching, it creates an opportunity for a big play deep down the field. that can be found on Google. The back faking with the QB attacks the inside A-gap (between center and guard) and check releases reading Mike to Sam linebacker, and the non-faking back attacks the B-gap and check-releases reading Sam to the next outside threat. If man coverage is called, the tight end will generally matched up against slower linebacker or a smaller defensive back. Stay means a back or tight-end does not release (they block for the whole play). which alters the terminology slightly (so ignore this sheet for this article, except for fire 2/fire 3). Hopefully this will give you better idea of common pass routes and route combos found in real football and football video games. We break the sections down with quick pass, medium pass, and deep pass. They release, because that defender theyre assigned to is not a threat to sack the quarterback, so rather than wasting a blocker, they want those players to get involved as receivers incase the primary receivers on a play are not open. understanding the concepts behind our basic run and pass schemes is essential. Ive played and watched sports all my life and have coached them as well for the last few years. Okay but I think Romo may have a bit more knowledge than a few route concepts. They release, because that defender theyre assigned to is not a threat to sack the quarterback, so rather than wasting a blocker, they want those players to get involved as receivers incase the primary receivers on a play are not open. What we like about it is its a simple high/low read for the quarterback to make. In todays NFL, you can find the West Coast Offenses influence within almost every team, and find legacies of the Bill Walsh coaching tree on almost every coaching staff. In most conventional offenses, the idea is to run the ball to draw the safeties and linebackers in closer to the line of scrimmage, thus opening up . The Portland passing concept is similar to the Mills concept as the design is to provide an opportunity for the quarterback to look throw deep down the field to a receiver running a deep post if the safety comes up defend the dig route that is being run from the opposite side. However, the Walsh offense wanted to use quick, short passes as a partial substitute for a traditional running game. Unfortunately, marrying a west coast scheme with the spread offense didn't go over so well at Nebraska, which is why Watson started the 2011 season as quarterbacks coach at Louisville. If you call the protection to the right, that means the offensive linemen on that side will BOB protect. The side the TE is on is the strong-side, and the side away from that is the weak-side. Below is an image of the drop-back pocket-protection summary from the playbook: Popularly known today as half-slide protection all 2/3-Jet plays are slide protection with one back (always a 6-man protection). Conversely if the cornerback sinks back on the receiver running the high read, then the low read receiver will be open. With all of these advantages, it may come as a surprise that this system was created out of necessity rather than want. 2 means fake action to the right, and 3 means fake action to the left. This makes it a quick pass, where the line and backs will block aggressively and hold the defense at the line of scrimmage. NEW System Evolutions. Air raid is a spread passing attack looking to throw the ball to 5 playmakers in space using triangle reads. The original West Coast Offense of Sid Gillman uses some of the same principles (pass to establish the run, quarterback throws to timed spots), but offensive formations are generally less complicated with more wideouts and motion. The pass route the receiver runs during the play is based on the type of pass coverage called. This real football play passing concept features a high-low read between a receiver, who runs a post , and a running back, who runs an angle route. 88/89: Requires a TE on each side. 2/3: A-gap (between center and guard), 4/5: B-gap (between guard and tackle), 6/7: C-gap (between tackle and TE), 8/9: Outside. The goal was to get these pass catchers the ball in space as they ran across the middle of the field to allow them to make plays after the catch for extra yardage. Although the system has evolved and integrated with various offensive systems over the previous three decades, the traditional West Coast offense looks to set up the run by passing first,. A fundamentally sound play that strives to contradict the basic principles of a defense, the play-pass gets the defensive team to commit to a fake run and then throwing a pass behind the defenders off the fake.. Updated on 02/21/19. The Airraid guys tend to have the two guys cross and head in opposite directions. (Image courtesy of Bruce Eien; check out more notes on their version here .) Some other terms you need to know before going into the numbered series: Scat: Scat means a back free releases (meaning they run a route right off the snap, and have no blocking responsibility. It is a traditional Cover 3 beater that goes all the way back to the passing concepts of Sid Gillman and Don Coryell and into the West Coast offense. 78/79: Both backs flow weak, and check release. While its similar, the Spread doesnt rely on timing as heavily as the West Coast system, but rather on creating holes across the defense to be taken advantage of. Hitch is a quick that has a receiver running short curl that allows the quarterback to throw a safe pass for an easy complete. Run Passes: If a run is called with pass tagged onto it, like 16 power pass, or 19 BOB pass, the offense executes the running play, but blockers do not go downfield so that a pass can be thrown. Against man coverage, their pass routes create a rub or natural pick on defenders covering. Operation Sports Forums > Football > EA Sports College Football Offensive schemes and tactics Most Anticipated Sports Games of 2023 Five Ways EA Sports PGA Tour Can Improve Golf Career Modes